One finds casual references to Chrudim vineyards as early as the 1460s, but their main development occurred in 1537 when the city gave its approval to wine-making. Grapes were processed in presses which were owned by a few of the vintners who rented them to the rest for a fee.
SPolitical conditions after the Battle of Bila Hora (White Mountain) unfortunately resulted in extensive emigration; the resulting neglect of vineyards led to their deterioration and almost total eventual disappearance. An Italian physician, Pietro Domenico Bartoloni di Empoli in 1717 made the following disparaging remark about Chrudim wine: "Chrudimer Wein macht weynen die Kinderlein" (Translation: Chrudim wine causes children to cry).
A miller and long-time town mayor, Josef Klimes, attempted to revive viniculture in 1869, and in fact achieved a measure of success at exhibitions in Vienna and Geisenheim where his wine received a certificate of appreciation. Nevertheless the production of this wine had probably been discontinued before Klime's death in 1900. Viniculture relic remember pillar with St. Vaclav statue.
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